After creative respect

African Voices is a weekly show that highlights Africas most engaging personalities, exploring the lives and passions of people who rarely open themselves up to the camera. Follow the team on Twitter.
Nairobi, Kenya (CNN) — Its a date etched in the minds of every Kenyan — September 21, 2013. At the upscale Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, a youth cooking competition was underway, friends laughed as they sipped coffee and families strolled idly through supermarket aisles.
But the relaxing Saturday afternoon was shattered when gunmen descended upon the five-storey facility shooting shoppers indiscriminately. The siege would last four days and the carnage would leave at least 67 people dead.
When the terror attack began, Abbas Gullet was one of the first people on the scene. As the head of Kenya Red Cross, he is on the front line of emergency response when disaster strikes in the country — and this was no exception.

Helping Kenyas vulnerable

Its something that we never expected, Gullet says. We always knew that something may happen, a terror attack — I think there had been a heightened alert of terror possibility in the country in the last two, three years — but what I can say is that when it did happen … we acquitted ourselves very well from an emergency response point of view, he adds. It happened at about 12:30 and by about 1:15 we were there.

How Red Cross innovates

Gullet says that day changed his life forever. Taking lead on the scene, he coordinated teams of paramedics, life support ambulances and a psychosocial unit to offer support to families of those injured or killed during the terror attack.
Community support is paramount in emergency situations, and during Westgate Gullet says that he couldnt have asked for a better response. After setting up mobile blood donation clinics, Kenyans banded together to help in whatever way they could.
They gave blood; they gave money; anything that they could give they were out there to give, he says. Companies came on board, individuals came on board.
Six months on and the Red Cross secretary general is able to reflect on how the aid group can continue to improve following the Westgate attack.
The lesson learned is that they need to be better prepared, better coordination with the security forces, with the government, says Gullet. Since then weve taken a backseat and now are working more closely with hospitals — as the second-line providers … we know which hospitals can get what type of person, so today if this were to happen, I know where to take the patients and were going to do more drills with this hospital.
But since then as Kenya Red Cross, even our own fast response emergency ambulance services and training, we have moved on another level up from then to now.
A life of dedication

What makes me continue doing this job is the ability and the opportunity it offers me to be able to make a difference in the lives of ordinary people.
Abbas Gullet, Kenya Red Cross

Born in Kenyas north eastern province of Garissa, Gullet lost both his parents when he was just five years old. Raised by his adoptive parents in the coastal city of Mombasa, he says these early events instilled a need to give back, which is part of why he began volunteering with the Red Cross at 14 years old.
Over 40 years have passed and the 55-year-old humanitarian is still working as hard as ever. On top of his leading role in Kenya Red Cross, he is also the vice president of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, a position he holds since his election in November last year.
I would say what ticks me and what makes me continue doing this job is the ability and the opportunity it offers me to be able to make a difference in the lives of ordinary people who are vulnerable, he says. The ability to bring back hope to them, to give them back their dignity, to have a smile on their face, to have little kids who can have a basic normal life.
During Gullets tenure in Kenya Red Cross, the disaster response organization has grown from an underfunded society to one which now operates with more than $23 million in assets.
He has established response centers and increased the number of available emergency vehicles with specialized equipment for advanced life support — run out of Nairobi, the organization controls 53 ambulances, with another 75 arriving in June, and also leases emergency vehicles to counties that cant afford to purchase their own.
Out of the box ideas
With so many life-saving initiatives to finance, and an increasing number of international, regional and local NGOs fighting also for the same pie, Gullet is often having to get creative when it comes to working out where to get the money his operations require.
You have to think out of the box to see how you would take this to the next level, he says, citing the crazy idea of Red Cross opening three hotels, including The Boma, a luxurious hotel in Nairobi.
Its the first in this country, the first in the region, the first in many parts of the world that today the Red Cross owns and runs a five-star hotel, he says. Any surpluses or profits that the hotel may make, every penny then is brought back into the humanitarian work of the Red Cross.
Despite his many successes, Gullet says there is still work to be done as he continues to strive for improvements in the emergency medicine field and for more locally-generated funding schemes.
I want to see a day where there is less aid coming from outside and more being generated locally, he says. Where the African governments would see their national institutions as the first port of call or their preferred choice of partners that can do as good, if not a better, job than what international NGOs would do.
READ THIS: How Westgate changed the lives of Kenyans
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Be career bottas opportunity

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(CNN) — Lewis Hamilton grabbed his second straight pole position to begin the 2014 Formula One season. But he hopes the Malaysian Grand Prix goes better than the opener in Melbourne.
Hamilton was forced to retire early into the Australian Grand Prix this month and could only watch as Mercedes teammate Nico Rosberg emerged victorious.
For myself and for the team the priority is to try to bag as many points, collectively, me and Nico, Hamilton told reporters Saturday. I think we have a great opportunity.
Weve got a great car and the teams just performing fantastically right now, so fingers crossed we both see our way through to the finish line.
Hamilton praises Mercedes progress
Can Caterham secure points in 2014?
Vettel: It will be a long season
Vettels dominance could bore F1 fans
Hamilton bettered reigning world champion Sebastian Vettel of Red Bull by 0.055 seconds in a rain-hit, eventful qualifying session at the Sepang International Circuit for the 33rd pole of his career. That ties him for the British record with Jim Clark.
Rosberg was third.
Today was just incredible, how much, firstly, it rained before qualifying and then during the session it was very, very tricky out there I think for everyone, said Hamilton. Particularly at the end it was almost impossible to see anything.
During my last lap I just couldnt see a thing behind (Force Indias Nico) Hulkenberg. I couldnt see where the track went, didnt know where the corners were, when to brake.
Even though he was only fractionally behind Hamilton in qualifying, Vettel suggested Mercedes was the team to beat Sunday.
I think Mercedes as a team has the best package, he told reporters. Theyve done a very good job across the break.
I think theyre the favorites at the moment, no matter, I think, where we go. As a fact, after that I think its fairly close between the other Mercedes-powered teams and probably Ferrari and us.
Former world champion Fernando Alonso finished fourth — despite colliding with Daniil Kvyat of Toro Rosso — followed by Red Bulls Daniel Ricciardo and Ferraris Kimi Raikkonen.
Caterhams Marcus Ericsson crashed in the first qualifying session, losing control of his car and hitting the wall.
Williams Valtteri Bottas received a grid penalty — going from 15th to 18th — after impeding a not impressed Ricciardo.
We raced each other a lot in the junior categories and I thought we had a lot of respect for each other, but its a little difficult how many times hes done that now, Ricciardo was quoted as saying by Autosport.com.
Read: Rosberg takes season opener

rain-hit ınternational break ı opportunity

Follow us at @WorldSportCNN and like us on Facebook
(CNN) — Lewis Hamilton grabbed his second straight pole position to begin the 2014 Formula One season. But he hopes the Malaysian Grand Prix goes better than the opener in Melbourne.
Hamilton was forced to retire early into the Australian Grand Prix this month and could only watch as Mercedes teammate Nico Rosberg emerged victorious.
For myself and for the team the priority is to try to bag as many points, collectively, me and Nico, Hamilton told reporters Saturday. I think we have a great opportunity.
Weve got a great car and the teams just performing fantastically right now, so fingers crossed we both see our way through to the finish line.
Hamilton praises Mercedes progress
Can Caterham secure points in 2014?
Vettel: It will be a long season
Vettels dominance could bore F1 fans
Hamilton bettered reigning world champion Sebastian Vettel of Red Bull by 0.055 seconds in a rain-hit, eventful qualifying session at the Sepang International Circuit for the 33rd pole of his career. That ties him for the British record with Jim Clark.
Rosberg was third.
Today was just incredible, how much, firstly, it rained before qualifying and then during the session it was very, very tricky out there I think for everyone, said Hamilton. Particularly at the end it was almost impossible to see anything.
During my last lap I just couldnt see a thing behind (Force Indias Nico) Hulkenberg. I couldnt see where the track went, didnt know where the corners were, when to brake.
Even though he was only fractionally behind Hamilton in qualifying, Vettel suggested Mercedes was the team to beat Sunday.
I think Mercedes as a team has the best package, he told reporters. Theyve done a very good job across the break.
I think theyre the favorites at the moment, no matter, I think, where we go. As a fact, after that I think its fairly close between the other Mercedes-powered teams and probably Ferrari and us.
Former world champion Fernando Alonso finished fourth — despite colliding with Daniil Kvyat of Toro Rosso — followed by Red Bulls Daniel Ricciardo and Ferraris Kimi Raikkonen.
Caterhams Marcus Ericsson crashed in the first qualifying session, losing control of his car and hitting the wall.
Williams Valtteri Bottas received a grid penalty — going from 15th to 18th — after impeding a not impressed Ricciardo.
We raced each other a lot in the junior categories and I thought we had a lot of respect for each other, but its a little difficult how many times hes done that now, Ricciardo was quoted as saying by Autosport.com.
Read: Rosberg takes season opener

date not market said

(CNN) — Whether its learning how to read and write or setting up your own farm, a Zambian computer tablet — known as the ZEduPad — is trying to open up the countrys information highway.
The brain child of British tech entrepreneur Mark Bennett, the ZEduPad principally teaches users basic numeracy and literacy skills, aimed at primary school children.
It became clear that there was a huge need for this kind of technology, Bennett said, particularly tablet technology, which has come a long way in Africa in recent years.
After arriving in Zambia 30 years ago under the British Aid Program, Bennett worked in the computer department at the countrys national university for over a decade before deciding to go it alone.

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We can really do something very major for the first time, he said. Weve invested about $5 million to date… Its totally all-encompassing and quite prescriptive so we are aiming at being able to get to an untrained teacher in a deep rural area in the African bush.
Interactive learning
The ZEduPad is programmed in eight different languages native to Zambia with over 12,000 preloaded classes and lesson plans for untrained teachers in rural areas, according to Bennett.
Approved by the Zambian Ministry of Education, the educational tablet allows children to create a personal profile on its seven-inch screen to keep track of their progress as well as exposing them to e-mail and Wikipedia.
Bennett said the ZEduPad is set up to teach grades one to seven through interactive learning in every subject from math to PE, art and music.
The technology comes at a time when Zambias educational system is undergoing sweeping changes. Since 2001, the government has increased primary school enrollment rates by 90%.
As a result, the World Bank has identified the landlocked southern African nation as having one of the most improved primary school education systems in the developing world.
Bennett added: For years there was a problem with funding, education was not keeping up with population growth. Young people coming out of school and not being well suited or prepared to enter the job market…. Were trying to change that.
The ZEduPad gives children a grasp of vital technology skills in a landlocked country where broadband is scarce and only 18% of the nations 14 million people have access to electricity, according to the World Bank.
In addition to following the national curriculum, the tablet also contains farming and health information designed for adults to help prevent the spread of killer diseases such as tuberculosis and malaria.
Outsourcing to China
The ZEduPad is currently manufactured, assembled and branded in China. The devices are then loaded onto a plane and transported to Zambia, where Bennett and his team install the software onto each tablet.

We sell them to teachers and schools for $200 at the moment. We hope to bring that price down.
Mark Bennett, creator of ZEduPad

It costs roughly $100 to have them made and landed here in this country, Bennett said. We sell them to teachers and schools for $200 at the moment. We hope to bring that price down. One of the other things were trying to do is provide significant tech support.
After teachers purchase the ZEduPad, Bennett said his team of experts go into schools and provide tutorials for staff so that they can maximize the tablets functions while learning how to deliver lessons to pupils.
Bennett said the tablet has, at one time or another, helped employ over 250 staff working in the development and distribution of the software from the companys base in the Zambian capital, Lusaka. He says he has approached the government over hiring assembly workers in Zambia but to no avail.
He said that at a time when few companies are manufacturing technology outside of the Far East, production in China is the cheapest and most cost-effective thing to do.
Huge change
Looking ahead, Bennett doesnt want to stop at Zambia but hopes to roll the educational tablet out to a raft of other nations on the continent.
He believes that as countries in the developed world continue to transition from desktop computers to smart devices, Africa has a real chance to leapfrog ahead.
I think the next big challenge is going to come from a lot of people who have got very cheap mobile phones. Well gradually see Android smartphones coming out for $70 or so… Huge change is happening at the moment, Bennett said.
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Underwent rate about at

Vital Signs is a monthly program bringing viewers health stories from around the world, giving a global perspective on how health issues are detected, treated and handled socially.
(CNN) — When it comes to prostate cancer, aggressive surgery saves lives and leads to a better quality of life, according to a new study that could inflame the debate over how best to treat the disease — and in some cases, whether to treat it at all.
The paper, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, is an update on a study that was launched in Sweden, Finland and Iceland a quarter-century ago. Nearly 700 men newly diagnosed with prostate cancer were split into two groups: half had their prostate gland fully removed — a radical prostatectomy — and half were followed through a protocol of watchful waiting, where doctors only treated them if symptoms progressed.
On average, men who underwent immediate surgery lived longer, were less likely to see the cancer spread and had fewer complications from the disease. The longevity benefit was greatest for men in their 50s and early 60s, where over an 18-year period, surgery cut the death rate by more than a third.
That result might seem obvious, but watchful waiting is frequently recommended because of surgerys side effects and because most prostate cancers grow so slowly that men will die of other causes before the cancer can kill them.

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The new study is likely to give pause to some of those patients.
Our research suggests that we overtreat many men, says Dr. Peter Carroll, chairman of urology at the University of California, San Francisco. But at the same time, we may undertreat those with high-risk cancers.
The authors of the new paper say they arent looking to overturn current guidelines that recommend active surveillance — waiting, with regular testing to see if the cancer has progressed — in men with low-risk disease. The numbers in each subgroup are low, and the risk categorization is less sophisticated than current standards, they wrote, urging caution in interpreting the results.
Dr. Otis Brawley, medical director of the American Cancer Society, says the paper generally supports current practice. He notes that patients in the Swedish study likely had more aggressive disease to start with because they were diagnosed after complaining of symptoms.
According to Brawley, just 12 percent of U.S. prostate cancer patients are found because they show symptoms; the rest are identified through PSA tests and other screening.
Those guys with high-grade tumors, those are the guys we ought to be treating, Brawley says. He notes that other studies, including the highly regarded PIVOT trial, have found even fewer benefits from surgery. They all say the same thing, that radical prostatectomy for men 65 and above seems not to save lives.
But others are struck by the finding that all groups in the study, even men over 65, suffered fewer side effects when they initially opted for surgery. This drills down that its not all about mortality, says Dr. John Davis, director of the prostate surgery program at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.
More lives being saved: Cancer death rates drop 20%
Davis explains that many patients who choose a regimen of watchful waiting or its close cousin, active surveillance, eventually undergo repeated biopsies, radiation therapy or other measures.
I would argue that the side effects of surgery are much less than those of long-term hormone therapy, which reduces the level of hormones like testosterone that promote the growth of prostate cancer.
While surgery often leads to sexual dysfunction and/or urinary incontinence, hormone therapy has its own dangers, including low sex drive, hot flashes, loss of energy, weight gain and an increased risk of heart disease.
Carroll agrees that mortality is only part of the picture and says the new study underscores a need to better differentiate between high- and low-risk cancers.
Although it is often said that there is little benefit (from surgery) to those over 65, this appears not to be the case. Its more a function of the aggressiveness of the tumor and the health of the patient.

In Italy the British and Americans were still experiencing stiff

In Italy the British and Americans were still experiencing stiff German resistance and were fighting northwards from Florence towards Milan.

In the Far East

The Japanese have in desperation commenced their Kamikaze suicide flights against American shipping while the Americans helped by the Australians are slowly ridding the Indonesian and Philippine islands of the Japanese occupier.
In the British theatre, the English and their Indian supporters are still in hand to hand combat with the Japanese in Burma and Malay.

The end in Europe

Germany surrenders in May 1945.
Crossing the Rhine for the final run through Germany was no easy task and the necessary bridges were not taken until the end of March ’45 by which time the Russians had already taken some towns in the east of Germany and were only some 50 miles from Berlin which is in the East of Germany. Churchill had wanted to beat the Soviets (Russians) to the German capital because he feared (quite rightly as it turned out) that the Russians would stay there as occupiers not liberators. However he was over ruled by the American President and his team who in spite of all the Russian atrocities still trusted them. The British, Canadian and American armies were instructed to ensure crucial areas like the industrial Ruhr in Germany was firmly in Allied hands. When the Germans guessed this plan some 2 million German civilians and army deserters fled the east of Germany (mainly by foot) to give themselves up to the English or Americans whom they realised they could trust to treat them humanely.
The Germans surrendered to

Back in Normandy- France on the 6th June, the Americans had

Simultaneously on the Eastern Front the Russians commenced their summer offensive on June 9th and by July 20th had reached the eastern borders of Poland.
Back in Normandy- France on the 6th June, the Americans had landed 57,500 troops with losses of 6000 and the British together with Canadians landed 75,200 with losses of 4,300. The Americans landed on the west end of the beaches in areas code named Utah and Omaha and in spite of heavy losses had taken the port of Cherbourg by June 27th. The English landed on beaches named Gold and Juno and the Canadians furthest east on Sword both being tasked to take the town of Caen by the 14th. They failed finally taking the town on July 18th but only after the RAF had flattened the old French city with 7,000 tons of bombs to rid it of German defences. The Free French headed by de Gaulle were allowed to “liberate” Paris a few hours ahead of the Americans who had done all the work, on August 25th 1944. Meanwhile the British who are fighting further north liberate Belgium on 3rd September and the vital port of Le Havre surrenders to the Canadians on September 12th.

By the end of 1944

The British, Canadians and Americans have retaken all of German occupied Western Europe up to the river Rhine.
On the Eastern Front the Russians are as far west as Warsaw, the capital of Poland and Hungary’s Budapest. However they had shown their true colours in Warsaw during August when the city inhabitants rose up against the Germans on the understanding that the Russians, only a few miles away, would support them. The Russians preferred to watch as the Poles were massacred by the Germans which would make it easier for the Russians to suppress rather than liberate the Poles a few months later.

Finally the Allies (English, Canadians and Americans) were ready to attempt

Finally the Allies (English, Canadians and Americans) were ready to attempt a landing, with sufficient number of troops and tanks, on heavily fortified French soil to liberate France, Belgium and Holland and cross the river Rhine into Germany.

June 1944

Europe. England had now been at war for nearly 4 years and with American help had; Cleared the Germans and the Italians out of North Africa.
Had invaded German occupied Italy from the south and had pushed the crack German troops north as far as Rome. This was an extremely tough theatre with most Italian rivers flowing East-West and thus easily defended against a south to north allied advance. This was very similar to a World War One battle field.
Were prepared for the “D Day landings” designed to put eventually, some 3 million Allied troops onto German occupied French soil for the onward march to Berlin. On the 6th June some 155,000 Allied troops crossed the English Channel and fought their way up the open Normandy beaches against stiff German resistance from dug in positions. There were huge Allied losses but not as many as Churchill had predicted. The main casualties were amongst the Americans who had refused to adopt many of the British anti mine devices because they looked too amateurish.

North Africa. Also in May ’43 the Germans surrendered to the Allies

North Africa. Also in May ’43 the Germans surrendered to the Allies in North Africa when they became surrounded by the English on their eastern flank and the Americans on their west. The British and American armies immediately turned their attention north to liberate Italy. Mussolini had already fallen so Hitler diverts some crack German divisions into Italy under Rommel to keep Italy in German hands even though the Italian people are very much on the side of the British and Americans.
Russia. In July ’43 the Germans and Russian tanks come head to head at Kursk in the largest tank battle in the war. Kursk is a town almost due south of Moscow and half way between Moscow and the Odessa on the Black Sea.
Far East and Pacific. In January ’43 the Japanese were occupying virtually all countries east of India right through to the Pacific Ocean and including much of China but notably excluding British Australia and New Zealand. Many Allied military and civilian personal had been taken into Japanese concentration camps and treated with contempt or worse. Certainly all prisoners were starved and forced to work for the Japanese until they either died of malnutrition or disease for which there were no medicines supplied. However the territory above was as far as the Japanese got and they were now up against the Americans, British, Australians, Indians (under British rule) and the Chinese under American military command. All these allied forces worked closely together and received much logistical support from the American production colossus. This vast area can conveniently be divided into two, the Pacific plus South East Asia, which the Americans and the Australians were attacking the now well established Japanese and further west the British colonial territories of Burma and Malay which the English with support from British India were responsible for removing the occupying Japanese. At the end of 1943 all these territories were still dominated by Japanese.

Phase 5, June 1944

In Hitler’s Germany one of the most terrible atrocities the world had ever

In Hitler’s Germany one of the most terrible atrocities the world had ever seen was gathering momentum under the guidance of Heinrich Himmler and personal implementation of Adolf Eichmann. This so called Final Solution was the rounding up of all the Jews in Europe, murdering them by first gassing them and then burning their corpses. Some 6 million Jews disappeared in this manner but the total exterminated was more than 12 million including gypsies and homosexuals. Himmler managed this ethnic cleansing through his position as head of the Waffen SS, an elite squad of military/police thugs who on the battle field took no prisoners. All who surrendered were lined up and shot. The Nazi policy of murdering Jews contributed to Hitler loosing the war as it was the Jewish scientists who were working on such world beating products as radar, rockets and nuclear bombs. Some escaped to England and America but the majority were murdered.
In the Atlantic the British Navy was slowly getting the upper hand over the German U boats. In May ’43 German losses were so bad that Grand Admiral Donitz the U Boat overall commander temporally withdrew all his submarines from the Atlantic. (Military historians feel that if Donitz had had enough U Boats at the beginning of the war he could have caused England to surrender through starvation. Indeed in August ’42 he was freely attacking US shipping along the east coast of America.)

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